“” ….I am not an impartial, objective critic. My judgments are nourished by my ideals, my sentiments, my passions. I have an avowed and resolute ambition: to assist in the creation of Peruvian socialism……” Jose Carlos Mariategui – Seven Interpretive essays on Peruvian Reality, 1928.
How often do we see an author tell us what his real intentions are, as Mariategui did, at the very beginning of a book?
Many of us living in the USA are thankful that we live in a free and democratic society, where Freedom of the Press is guaranteed in the constitution, and wrongly assume tha because we have access to much information that it is fair , accurate and unbiased. However, in the reading by T. Eland, we are reminded that “our political, economic, cultural and religious institutions provide us with the filters through wich we see reality”. This is to say that even our, perceived, “objectivity” should be questioned in light of the biases that are inculcated in us by the class structure, mores, values, religious beliefs and laws of the societies in which we live.
Eland suggests that we look at the alternative press to get a different interpretation of events and that in this way we will come closer to being critical thinkers. I believe that we must go deeper into an analysis of ourselves and our beliefs to examine our core values so that we can approach each situation with the knowledge of our biases and try to form objective conclusions, in spite of these biases and prejudices.